Periodic Table

Hydrogenthe Greek 'hydro' and 'genes' meaning water-forming

H

1

1.008 (0.14%)

14k - 20k

1776

Heliumthe Greek 'helios' meaning sun

He

2

4.003 (0%)

1k - 4k

1895

Lithiumthe Greek 'lithos' meaning stone

Li

3

6.941 (0%)

454k - 1560k

1817

Berylliumthe Greek name for beryl, 'beryllo'

Be

4

9.012 (0%)

1560k - 2742k

1797

Boronthe Arabic 'buraq', which was the name for borax

B

5

10.811 (0%)

2349k - 4200k

1808

Carbonthe Latin 'carbo', meaning charcoal

C

6

12.011 (0.09%)

3800k - 4300k

0

Nitrogenthe Greek 'nitron' and 'genes' meaning nitre-forming

N

7

14.007 (0%)

63k - 77k

1772

Oxygenthe Greek 'oxy' and 'genes' meaning acid-forming

O

8

15.999 (46.71%)

54k - 90k

1774

Fluorinethe Latin 'fluere', meaning to flow

F

9

18.998 (0.03%)

54k - 85k

1886

Neonthe Greek 'neos', meaning new

Ne

10

20.18 (0%)

25k - 27k

1898

Sodiumthe English word soda (natrium in Latin)

Na

11

22.99 (2.75%)

371k - 1156k

1807

MagnesiumMagnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece

Mg

12

24.305 (2.08%)

923k - 1363k

1755

Aluminiumthe Latin name for alum, 'alumen' meaning bitter salt

Al

13

26.982 (8.07%)

933k - 2792k

1825

Siliconthe Latin 'silex' or 'silicis', meaning flint

Si

14

28.086 (27.69%)

1687k - 3538k

1824

Phosphorusthe Greek 'phosphoros', meaning bringer of light

P

15

30.974 (0.13%)

317k - 550k

1669

SulfurEither from the Sanskrit 'sulvere', or the Latin 'sulfurium', both names for sulfur

S

16

32.065 (0.05%)

388k - 718k

0

Chlorinethe Greek 'chloros', meaning greenish yellow

Cl

17

35.453 (0.05%)

172k - 239k

1774

Argonthe Greek, 'argos', meaning idle

Ar

18

39.948 (0%)

84k - 87k

1894

Potassiumthe English word potash (kalium in Latin)

K

19

39.098 (2.58%)

337k - 1032k

1807

Calciumthe Latin 'calx' meaning lime

Ca

20

40.078 (3.65%)

1115k - 1757k

1808

ScandiumScandinavia (with the Latin name Scandia)

Sc

21

44.956 (0%)

1814k - 3109k

1879

TitaniumTitans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology

Ti

22

47.867 (0.62%)

1941k - 3560k

1791

VanadiumVanadis, an old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja

V

23

50.942 (0%)

2183k - 3680k

1830

Chromiumthe Greek 'chroma', meaning colour

Cr

24

51.996 (0.04%)

2180k - 2944k

1797

ManganeseEither the Latin 'magnes', meaning magnet or from the black magnesium oxide, 'magnesia nigra'

Mn

25

54.938 (0.09%)

1519k - 2334k

1774

Ironthe Anglo-Saxon name iren (ferrum in Latin)

Fe

26

55.845 (5.05%)

1811k - 3134k

0

Cobaltthe German word 'kobald', meaning goblin

Co

27

58.933 (0%)

1768k - 3200k

1735

Nickelthe shortened of the German 'kupfernickel' meaning either devil's copper or St. Nicholas's copper

Ni

28

58.693 (0.02%)

1728k - 3186k

1751

Copperthe Old English name coper in turn derived from the Latin 'Cyprium aes', meaning a metal from Cyprus

Cu

29

63.546 (0%)

1358k - 2835k

0

Zincthe German, 'zinc', which may in turn be derived from the Persian word 'sing', meaning stone

Zn

30

65.39 (0%)

693k - 1180k

0

GalliumFrance (with the Latin name Gallia)

Ga

31

69.723 (0%)

303k - 2477k

1875

GermaniumGermany (with the Latin name Germania)

Ge

32

72.64 (0%)

1211k - 3106k

1886

Arsenicthe Greek name 'arsenikon' for the yellow pigment orpiment

As

33

74.922 (0%)

1090k - 887k

0

SeleniumMoon (with the Greek name selene)

Se

34

78.96 (0%)

453k - 958k

1817

Brominethe Greek 'bromos' meaning stench

Br

35

79.904 (0%)

266k - 332k

1826

Kryptonthe Greek 'kryptos', meaning hidden

Kr

36

83.8 (0%)

116k - 120k

1898

Rubidiumthe Latin 'rubidius', meaning deepest red

Rb

37

85.468 (0%)

312k - 961k

1861

StrontiumStrontian, a small town in Scotland

Sr

38

87.62 (0%)

1050k - 1655k

1790

YttriumYtterby, Sweden

Y

39

88.906 (0%)

1799k - 3609k

1794

Zirconiumthe Persian 'zargun', meaning gold coloured

Zr

40

91.224 (0.03%)

2128k - 4682k

1789

NiobiumNiobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Nb

41

92.906 (0%)

2750k - 5017k

1801

Molybdenumthe Greek 'molybdos' meaning lead

Mo

42

95.94 (0%)

2896k - 4912k

1781

Technetiumthe Greek 'tekhnetos' meaning artificial

Tc

43

98 (0%)

2430k - 4538k

1937

RutheniumRussia (with the Latin name Ruthenia)

Ru

44

101.07 (0%)

2607k - 4423k

1844

Rhodiumthe Greek 'rhodon', meaning rose coloured

Rh

45

102.906 (0%)

2237k - 3968k

1803

Palladiumthe then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time

Pd

46

106.42 (0%)

1828k - 3236k

1803

Silverthe Anglo-Saxon name siolfur (argentum in Latin)

Ag

47

107.868 (0%)

1235k - 2435k

0

Cadmiumthe Latin name for the mineral calmine, 'cadmia'

Cd

48

112.411 (0%)

594k - 1040k

1817

Indiumthe Latin 'indicium', meaning violet or indigo

In

49

114.818 (0%)

430k - 2345k

1863

Tinthe Anglo-Saxon word tin (stannum in Latin, meaning hard)

Sn

50

118.71 (0%)

505k - 2875k

0

Antimonythe Greek 'anti ? monos', meaning not alone (stibium in Latin)

Sb

51

121.76 (0%)

904k - 1860k

0

TelluriumEarth, the third planet on solar system (with the Latin word tellus)

Te

52

127.6 (0%)

723k - 1261k

1783

Iodinethe Greek 'iodes' meaning violet

I

53

126.905 (0%)

387k - 457k

1811

Xenonthe Greek 'xenos' meaning stranger

Xe

54

131.293 (0%)

161k - 165k

1898

Caesiumthe Latin 'caesius', meaning sky blue

Cs

55

132.906 (0%)

302k - 944k

1860

Bariumthe Greek 'barys', meaning heavy

Ba

56

137.327 (0.05%)

1000k - 2170k

1808

LutetiumParis, France (with the Roman name Lutetia)

Lu

71

174.967 (0%)

1925k - 3675k

1907

HafniumCopenhagen, Denmark (with the Latin name Hafnia)

Hf

72

178.49 (0%)

2506k - 4876k

1923

TantalumKing Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology

Ta

73

180.948 (0%)

3290k - 5731k

1802

Tungstenthe Swedish 'tung sten' meaning heavy stone (W is wolfram, the old name of the tungsten mineral wolframite)

W

74

183.84 (0%)

3695k - 5828k

1783

RheniumRhine, a river that flows from Grisons in the eastern Swiss Alps to the North Sea coast in the Netherlands (with the Latin name Rhenia)

Re

75

186.207 (0%)

3459k - 5869k

1925

Osmiumthe Greek 'osme', meaning smell

Os

76

190.23 (0%)

3306k - 5285k

1803

IridiumIris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow

Ir

77

192.217 (0%)

2719k - 4701k

1803

Platinumthe Spanish 'platina', meaning little silver

Pt

78

195.078 (0%)

2041k - 4098k

1735

Goldthe Anglo-Saxon word gold (aurum in Latin, meaning glow of sunrise)

Au

79

196.967 (0%)

1337k - 3129k

0

MercuryMercury, the first planet in the Solar System (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr- water and argyros silver)

Hg

80

200.59 (0%)

234k - 630k

0

Thalliumthe Greek 'thallos', meaning a green twig

Tl

81

204.383 (0%)

577k - 1746k

1861

Leadthe Anglo-Saxon lead (plumbum in Latin)

Pb

82

207.2 (0%)

601k - 2022k

0

Bismuththe German 'Bisemutum' a corruption of 'Weisse Masse' meaning white mass

Bi

83

208.98 (0%)

545k - 1837k

1753

PoloniumPoland, the native country of Marie Curie, who first isolated the element

Po

84

209 (0%)

527k - 1235k

1898

Astatinethe Greek 'astatos', meaning unstable

At

85

210 (0%)

575k - 610k

1940

RadonFrom radium, as it was first detected as an emission from radium during radioactive decay

Rn

86

222 (0%)

202k - 211k

1900

FranciumFrance, where it was first discovered

Fr

87

223 (0%)

300k - 950k

1939

Radiumthe Latin 'radius', meaning ray

Ra

88

226 (0%)

973k - 2010k

1898

LawrenciumErnest O. Lawrence, physicist

Lr

103

262 (0%)

0k - 0k

1961

RutherfordiumErnest Rutherford, chemist and physicist

Rf

104

261 (0%)

0k - 0k

1964

DubniumDubna, Russia

Db

105

262 (0%)

0k - 0k

1967

SeaborgiumGlenn T. Seaborg, scientist

Sg

106

266 (0%)

0k - 0k

1974

BohriumNiels Bohr, physicist

Bh

107

264 (0%)

0k - 0k

1981

HassiumHesse, Germany, where the element was first synthesized

Hs

108

277 (0%)

0k - 0k

1984

MeitneriumLise Meitner, physicist

Mt

109

268 (0%)

0k - 0k

1982

DarmstadtiumDarmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesized

Ds

110

281 (0%)

0k - 0k

1994

RoentgeniumWilhelm Conrad R?ntgen, physicist

Rg

111

281 (0%)

0k - 0k

1994

CoperniciumNicolaus Copernicus, astronomer

Cn

112

285 (0%)

0k - 357k

1996

UnuntriumIUPAC systematic element name

Uut

113

286 (0%)

0k - 0k

2003

FleroviumGeorgy Flyorov, physicist

Fl

114

289 (0%)

0k - 0k

1998

UnunpentiumIUPAC systematic element name

Uup

115

288 (0%)

0k - 0k

2003

LivermoriumLawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis

Lv

116

293 (0%)

0k - 0k

2000

UnunseptiumIUPAC systematic element name

Uus

117

294 (0%)

0k - 0k

2010

UnunoctiumIUPAC systematic element name

Uuo

118

294 (0%)

0k - 0k

2006

Lanthanumthe Greek 'lanthanein', meaning to lie hidden

La

57

138.906 (0%)

1193k - 3737k

1839

CeriumCeres, the Roman God of agriculture

Ce

58

140.116 (0%)

1068k - 3716k

1803

Praseodymiumthe Greek 'prasios didymos' meaning green twin

Pr

59

140.908 (0%)

1208k - 3793k

1885

Neodymiumthe Greek 'neos didymos' meaning new twin

Nd

60

144.24 (0%)

1297k - 3347k

1885

PromethiumPrometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans

Pm

61

145 (0%)

1315k - 3273k

1945

SamariumSamarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated

Sm

62

150.36 (0%)

1345k - 2067k

1879

EuropiumEurope

Eu

63

151.964 (0%)

1099k - 1802k

1901

GadoliniumJohan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist

Gd

64

157.25 (0%)

1585k - 3546k

1880

TerbiumYtterby, Sweden

Tb

65

158.925 (0%)

1629k - 3503k

1843

Dysprosiumthe Greek 'dysprositos', meaning hard to get

Dy

66

162.5 (0%)

1680k - 2840k

1886

HolmiumStockholm, Sweden (with the Latin name Holmia)

Ho

67

164.93 (0%)

1734k - 2993k

1867

ErbiumYtterby, Sweden

Er

68

167.259 (0%)

1802k - 3141k

1842

ThuliumThule, the ancient name for Scandinavia

Tm

69

168.934 (0%)

1818k - 2223k

1879

YtterbiumYtterby, Sweden

Yb

70

173.04 (0%)

1097k - 1469k

1878

Actiniumthe Greek 'actinos', meaning a ray

Ac

89

227 (0%)

1323k - 3471k

1899

ThoriumThor, the Scandinavian god of thunder

Th

90

232.038 (0%)

2115k - 5061k

1829

Protactiniumthe Greek 'protos', meaning first, as a prefix to the element actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium

Pa

91

231.036 (0%)

1841k - 4300k

1913

UraniumUranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System

U

92

238.029 (0%)

1405k - 4404k

1789

NeptuniumNeptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System

Np

93

237 (0%)

917k - 4273k

1940

PlutoniumPluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System

Pu

94

244 (0%)

913k - 3501k

1940

AmericiumAmericas, the continent where the element was first synthesized

Am

95

243 (0%)

1449k - 2880k

1944

CuriumPierre Curie, a physicist, and Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist

Cm

96

247 (0%)

1613k - 3383k

1944

BerkeliumBerkeley, California, USA, where the element was first synthesized

Bk

97

247 (0%)

1259k - 2900k

1949

CaliforniumState of California, USA, where the element was first synthesized

Cf

98

251 (0%)

1173k - 0k

1950

EinsteiniumAlbert Einstein, physicist

Es

99

252 (0%)

1133k - 0k

1952

FermiumEnrico Fermi, physicist

Fm

100

257 (0%)

0k - 0k

1952

MendeleviumDmitri Mendeleyev, chemist and inventor

Md

101

258 (0%)

0k - 0k

1955

NobeliumAlfred Nobel, chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer

No

102

259 (0%)

0k - 0k

1958